AGI (Adjusted Gross Income) and Taxable Income are both important concepts in the world of taxation.
AGI is the total income you receive in a year, minus certain deductions like IRA contributions or student loan interest.
AGI= Total Income – Deductionsirs.gov
Taxable income, on the other hand, is the portion of your AGI that is actually subject to federal income tax after accounting for additional deductions and exemptions.
Taxable Income = AGI – (Standard Deduction or Itemized Deductions) – Exemptionsforbes.com
While AGI is used to determine eligibility for certain tax benefits and credits, taxable income is what ultimately determines how much you owe in federal income tax.
It’s important to understand the difference between these two concepts and how they can impact your tax liability. By maximizing your deductions and exemptions, you can reduce your taxable income and potentially lower your tax bill.
As such, it’s crucial to carefully consider your deductions and exemptions when calculating your AGI and taxable income.
AGI Vs Taxable Income
Here’s a tabular comparison between Adjusted Gross Income and Taxable Income:
|Adjusted Gross Income
|The total income earned minus specific allowable deductions
|The income that is subject to federal income tax after applying certain exemptions and deductions
|Gross income minus above-the-line deductions, standard/itemized deductions, and personal exemptions
|AGI minus additional exemptions and deductions, such as the standard deduction or itemized deductions
|Used to determine eligibility for certain tax credits and deductions
|Used to calculate the actual tax liability
|Reported on Line 11 of Form 1040
|Reported on Line 16 of Form 1040
|An important figure for determining eligibility for tax benefits and credits
|Used to calculate the actual amount of tax owed to the IRS
In summary, AGI is the total income earned minus certain allowable deductions, while taxable income is the income that is subject to federal income tax after applying certain exemptions and deductions. AGI is used to determine eligibility for certain tax credits and deductions, while taxable income is used to calculate the actual amount of tax owed to the IRS.
Is taxable income the same as AGI?
No, taxable income is not the same as AGI. Taxable income is calculated by subtracting additional exemptions and deductions from AGI. AGI is the total income earned minus specific allowable deductions such as above-the-line deductions, standard/itemized deductions, and personal exemptions.